ON THE TOPIC SKIN - SKIN TYPES
Basically, the condition of the skin can be divided into different types: normal, oily, dry, sensitive, mature and combination skin. The skin type is determined by genetic factors. However, the individual skin condition varies depending on which internal and external influences act on the skin.
A normal skin is neither too dry nor dehydrated.
It is well supplied with blood, has a soft and supple texture and a fresh, rosy color. The term “normal” is generally used to describe a balanced skin condition. In the field, normal skin conditions are referred to as euderma.
Oily skin tends to appear thick, coarse-pored and shiny.
It is also called seborrhea in the specialist field. The background is often increased sebum production, which can be caused by genetic factors, hormonal changes or disorders, medication or stress.
The term “combination skin” is used for a skin type with mixed characteristics.
It is characterized by the so-called “oily T-zone” (forehead, nose and chin) and dry cheek areas. The extent of the so-called T-zone can vary greatly – from a very narrow strip to an extensive area.
Dry skin is known in the field as sebostasis.
The skin is often very fine-pored, tender and lacking in moisture. This skin type produces less sebum than normal skin, so dry skin often lacks the lipids that prevent moisture loss. In addition, poor collagen balance can be a reason for dry skin. If the collagen framework is not intact, moisture can only be stored poorly.
Sensitive skin tends to be dry and red.
In addition, it has fine pores and reacts – faster than normal skin – with irritation to external influences (itching, rash, inflammation).
In the course of life, the skin changes.
From the mid-20s, the collagen metabolism deteriorates. Depending on predisposition, lifestyle and external influences, the mature skin type develops earlier or later. A loss of moisture, tone and elasticity is typical of mature skin. It becomes more demanding, increasingly needs more protection, modified or intensive care and shows the first signs of lines and wrinkles.
HORMONAL SKIN CHANGES
Basically, the condition of the skin can be divided into different types: normal, oily, dry, sensitive, mature and combination skin. The skin type is determined by genetic factors. JThe skin type can change in the course of life. If the skin was still oily at a young age, it can become drier after puberty, pregnancy or during menopause.
Decreasing hormone activity in old age (menopause)
From the age of 25, estrogen production steadily decreases, leading to significantly lower production of collagen and hyaluron in the skin cells (fibroblasts) of the dermis, especially after the onset of menopause. Studies have shown that collagen levels in the skin are reduced by 30 percent 5 years after menopause. Without collagen and hyaluron, the dermis can no longer fulfill its function as the elastic support structure of the skin. Various changes occur in the different skin layers during the aging process. The moisture content decreases, and the firmness and elasticity of the collagen fibers diminish. The skin becomes thinner and drier, the skin density decreases, so that wrinkles appear and the skin loses its radiant appearance.evertheless, the individual skin condition varies, depending on which internal and external influences act on the skin.